The pancreas is an important organ that ensures normal work of the whole body: it produces digestive juice, which comes in 12 gut where incoming breaks down proteins, fats and carbohydrates. As a result, the body gets simpler compounds of amino acids, vitamins, other nutrients, which in turn enter in the blood after absorption of the intestinal mucosa. They are involved in metabolic processes, in building cells and tissues, which come in all systems and organs.
Also an important function of the pancreas is to produce insulin, which regulates carbohydrate metabolism warning fatty degeneration of the liver.
The main reason for the occurrence of pancreatitis – excessive consumption of fatty foods, and alcohol. Beginning with the acute stage, he quickly flows into chronic. Acute pancreatitis requires a very strict diet.
Digestive disorders in pancreatitis
Both acute and chronic pancreatitis causes serious disruption of the digestive system:
- the increased acidity in the small intestine, there is a feeling of heartburn, burning sensation;
- to the right of the navel there are severe pain due to the large number of enzymes inside the gland which cause the process in the tissues;
- the accumulation of toxins starts self-poisoning organism;
- disturbed secretion of insulin, increased blood sugar levels, which causes "sugar diabetes" - copious urine, accompanied by an unquenchable thirst for the strongest.
The basic principles of nutrition in pancreatitis
The main principles of a diet with acute pancreatitis:
- eliminate fats;
- to eliminate carbohydrates, especially sugar and all products containing sugar;
- eliminate fried foods, foods with crude fiber (cabbage);
- to increase the intake of lean protein;
- to enter the mode fractional food 5-6 times a day.
Since in this regime difficult to consume all the necessary vitamins and minerals from foods, you should start to take synthetic vitamins (Centrum, Vitrum).
Diet for pancreatitis
The stricter the patient follows the diet, the higher the chances for a quick and full recovery. Therefore, the rules of diet for pancreatitis he should know by heart. They are fairly simple – the diet includes inexpensive products that need:
- or cook for a couple.
Diet in acute pancreatitis
When inflammation of the pancreas, before came emergency, you should put a cold compress on the painful part. In the first 2 days shown hunger, is permissible only drink mineral water (without gas and sugar!)
Why this is important: plain water (1.5-2 liters per day) inhibits the release of pancreatic juice that reduces pain, removes the decay products, toxins from the body.
Except water, is allowed only broth hips. Food can be taken only on the third day, while avoiding high-calorie foods, and foods containing salt, fat, carbohydrates, crude fiber - all of which increases the secretion of gastric juices and flatulence.
Diet for pancreatitis designed to spare the intestinal mucosa, therefore, also strictly contraindicated spicy seasonings, salted, smoked and spicy foods.
The best method of preparation is the treatment for a couple. Food should be pureed or crushed. The temperature should not be above 50 °C. Power fractional, 5-6 times a day.
Once the inflammation has decreased, for example the transition to pureed soups, use lean meats, fish, cheese, cereals and vegetables (except cabbage because it contains too coarse fiber). Allowable vegetable and fruit juices, milk drinks - kefir, yogurt.
For a long time to clear the table fat, smoked meat, bacon, fish, pickles, garlic, onion, radish, alcohol, baking.
The health of the patient at 100% will depend on whether it adheres to this strict diet. And we have to stand it from six months to a year.
It is important to firmly remember that any violation of the diet will immediately make themselves felt as ill health, recovery, inflammation of the pancreas.
Menu for chronic pancreatitis
In the case of chronic forms, the main task is to remove the inflammation of mucous membrane – it's not about pancreas. In this case, the power will be diet, but it is not necessary to apply exclusively soft food. This is only necessary in the acute stage.
Exclude: fried, yeast products (yeast breads including yeast cause fermentation in the gut), spicy seasonings and spices, salty foods.
Dishes are prepared steamed, stewed, baked. Recipes available, you can always find in cookbooks or online to find what suits your taste preferences.
What is the need of the pancreas in the acute stage of the disease? Amino acids and vitamins – that's what need in this period. Of course, they are necessary for a healthy body regularly. More protein – more one feature diet for pancreatitis. Protein promotes the synthesis of inhibitors which inhibit the secretion of pancreatic enzymes.
Diet is important to strictly follow to "get" the pancreas from the acute phase of illness, as well as to normalize the state of the mucosa in the chronic form. Below we give a list of products that you can add to your daily routine. Although diet for pancreatitis is considered to be hard enough, but the list of products is quite diverse. The main rule: the right preparation, but it will be dishes steamed, baked and braised. From fried to refuse for a long time (not only at the time of treatment), even better – forever.
Diet for chronic pancreatitis in remission
In this diet it is possible to adjust. Nutritionists advise to increase the intake of proteins, fats to normal average person. Carbohydrates should be kept to a minimum (bread, bakery products, sugar, honey). Salt consumption is also minimal.
Still remain banned:
- spicy seasonings.
It is permissible to expand the ways of cooking. In addition to eating a couple, you can cook them in stewed, boiled, baked. Food can be crushed – not necessarily pureed.
The meal is a fraction, the temperature of the products is not more than 60°C.
- proteins – 120 g;
- fats – 90g.;
- carbs – 350 grams of it digestible – 40 g;
The total number of calories should not exceed 2690 kcal.
Diet in chronic pancreatitis
The mainstay of treatment of chronic pancreatitis is the diet. The diet similar to the diet in remission (limit spicy, fatty foods, carbohydrates, split meals), except for some nuances.
In particular, the permissible increase in the amount of protein intake to 130 grams a day, and 30% of vegetable origin. Source of animal protein are: beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, Turkey, lean pork. Excluded fatty meats – fatty pork, goose, duck, game. At the slightest aggravation of the food forbidden to put out or bake – just cook for a couple. The same requirements apply to low-fat varieties of fish.
This approach to the selection of products will help the patient to prevent fatty degeneration of the liver, which is one of the main dangers that threaten the body when inflammation of the pancreas.
It is also recommended to consume low-fat cottage cheese. However, you should ensure that he was not too acidic and too thick.